Martin Luther

Time Line
















1483 Born at Eisleben, November 10

1484 Parents, Hans and Margaretha Luder, move family to Mansfield, where Hans works in copper mines.

1492 Attends school in Mansfield

1497 Attends school in Magdeburg

1498 Attends school in Eisenach

1501 Enters University of Erfurt

1502 Receives BA af Erfurt

1505 Earns MA at Erfurt; begins studies; in thunderstorm on July 2, vows become a monk; enters order of Augustinian Hermits

1507 Ordained and celebrates first mass

1509 Becomes bachelor of Bible

Luther's Parents

Luther as a student

1510 Visits Rome

1511 Transferred to Augustinian house at Wittenberg.

1512 Becomes doctor of theology

1513 Begins lecturing on the Psalms

1515 Lectures on Romans; appointed district vicar over 10 monasteries.

1516 Begins lecturing on Hebrews; on October 31, posts 95 Theses on indulgences

1518 At meeting of Augustinians in Heidelberg, defends his theology; in October, appears before Cardinal Cajetan at Augsburg, but refuses to recant; in December, Frederick the Wise protects Luther from being handed over to Rome.

1519 Understands the 'righteousness of God" as "passive righteousness with which God justifies us by faith'; in July, debates professor John Eck at leipzig and denies supreme authority of popes and councils






1521 Papal bull Exsurge Domine gives Luther 60 days to recant or be excommunicated; writes 3 seminal documents: To the Christian nobility, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and the Freedom of a Christian; burns papal bull and canon law.

1521 Excommunicated by the papal bull Decet Romananum pontificem; at Diet of Worms in April, he refuses to recant writings, and edicts (in May) condemns him as heretic and outlaw; he is "kidnapped" and hidden at Wartburg Castle; begins translating the New Testament.





Marries Katherine Von Bora


1523 Writes On Temporal Authority.

1524 Debates Karlstadt on the Lord's Supper; Luther's former superior, Staupitz, dies

1525 Writes Against the heavenly Prophets; Writes Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes, criticising the Peasants' Revolt; marries Katherine von Bora; writes Bondage of the Will (against Erasmus)

1526 Writes German Mass; as father (son Hans)










1528 Writes Great Confession Concerning Christ's Supper; grieves over Elizabeth's death; visits churches.

1529 Attends Marburg Colloquy with Zwingli; but no agreement reached on the Lord's Supper; publishes Large Catechism and Small Catechism; daughter Magdalena born

1530 Luther's father Hans, dies; Luther, as outlaw, cannot attend the Diet of Augsburg, held in attempt to end religious division in the empire; Melanchton presents Augsburg Confession, a statement of Lutheran beliefs.

1531 Begins lecturing on Galatians; son Martin born; mother dies.

1533 Son Paul born.

1534 Publishes German Bible; daughter Margaret born.





1536 Agrees to Wittenberg Concord on the Lord's supper, in attempt to resolve differences with other reformers, but Zwinglians do not accept it.

1537 Draws up Schmalkaldic Articles as his "theological last will and testament".

1542 Drafts his will; daughter Magdalena dies.

1544 Writes Against Schwenckfeld's interpretation of the Lord's Supper.

1545 Writes Against the Papacy at Rome; an Institution of the Devil.

1546 Dies in Eisleben, February 18.

1552 Katherine von Bora dies.